Top 3 credit bureaus and how they are used?

Top 3 credit bureaus and how they are used

The three largest credit bureaus: The three credit bureaus are probably familiar to you. But what do they do? How do they work? How are they different? And why are three of them always mentioned? Our next step will be to analyse these entities, what they do, and how they do it.

You must have heard about the recognized credit bureaus at some point, especially if you have applied for a loan.

Is being on the credit bureau a blacklist?

It’s not too bad. Keep in mind that the bureau is not a blacklist.

A credit bureau is your credit management history.

In their reports, these agencies tell you how trustworthy you are when it comes to money.

Credit rating agencies

But first, let’s clarify what we are talking about. Credit bureaus are often confused with credit reporting agencies, especially since credit bureaus are also called credit reporting agencies.
Businesses and the creditworthiness of corporations are the main focus of credit rating agencies. Their development resulted from the need for investors to compare the risk and reward potential of various investments. In addition, the method can be used to obtain information on the financial stability of companies that plan to borrow money through the issuance of bonds or preferred shares.
Today, there are three big international rating agencies: Fitch, Moody’s, and Standard & Poor’s. The agencies investigate and analyse the finances of companies and assign them a credit rating.
Unlike credit reports or credit scores, these ratings are intended to inform investors about companies and issuers of debt-based investments. Rating agencies also rate individual debt obligations and fixed income securities issued by companies. Rating agencies also rate insurance companies according to their financial strength.

Describe your grades

Ratings are given in letters, such as AAA or CCC , so that investors can quickly examine a debt instrument and gauge its risk; they serve as a measure of its stability.

It is important to know which agency provides the rating letter, as the ratings differ among the three major agencies. In order to determine a credit rating, a large number of variables must be taken into account, from company attributes to underlying investments. All of them aim to offer a picture of the probability of a borrower repaying the borrowed amount.

What is a credit bureau?

A credit bureau is a private company that analyses and evaluates the consumer’s solvency. The bureau collects information about credit obtained by natural or legal persons. Afterwards, it performs an analysis and generates a credit score that will be used by companies in the financial or commercial sector to decide whether to grant or deny credit to these individuals.
Credit bureau business models exchange information in an interesting way. Consumer credit information is sent to credit bureaus unreservedly by banks, finance companies, retailers, and landlords. Credit bureaus then return the information to the banks.
Consumer credit reports are packaged and analysed by credit bureaus, from which credit scores are derived. As opposed to credit scores, where an appraisal letter is issued, credit scores are issued as three-digit numbers, typically between 300 and 850.The size of the loan you can qualify for, the interest rate you pay on the loan or credit card, and sometimes even your employment and rental options are affected by your credit score.
The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) governs both the credit rating agencies and the three credit bureaus, which are both private companies. They are restricted in how they collect, disburse, and disclose consumer information, and have come under increased scrutiny since the Great Recession of 2007-2009.

Which three credit bureaus are the biggest?

There are several credit bureaus in the United States, but only three are of national importance: Equifax , Experian , and TransUnion . This trio dominates the market for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of information about consumers in the credit market.


In addition to its headquarters in Atlanta, it has operations in 18 other countries, including Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, India, Ireland, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Uruguay. Its market presence is strong in the southern and eastern sections of the United States; it claims to be a market leader in most countries where it operates.


It was originally responsible for reporting in the western United States from its headquarters in Costa Mesa, California. In addition, “it employs approximately 16,000 people in 39 countries and has its corporate headquarters in Dublin, Ireland; and its operational headquarters in Nottingham, United Kingdom and So Paulo, Brazil”.


It markets itself as a “world leader in credit reporting and information management services.” The Chicago-based company has “operations and affiliates in 33 countries,” and it employs about 3,700 people.

Similar but different methods

Each of the three credit bureaus collects similar information on consumers. Information such as name, address, social security number, and date of birth is included. The credit history includes debts, payment histories, and credit application activity.
Typically, a credit bureau collects information from federal and private lenders regarding student and home loans. Your bank can report a late mortgage payment to a credit bureau after 45 days, if you are behind on your payments. Federal loans offer more flexibility, allowing 90 days to pass before filing a claim.
Delinquent taxes are not reported to the bureaus by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Despite this, the IRS can file a federal tax lien , which is a legal claim against the taxpayer’s property if they don’t pay their tax debt within a reasonable amount of time or have a lot of back taxes.
The filing of a tax lien is public information, and third parties are able to find it.
In order to calculate credit scores, each of the three credit bureaus uses this information. A higher score means lower credit risk and higher creditworthiness for the consumer.

The scores have historically been based on the FICO® Score associated with the data analysis company originally called Fair, Isaac and Company (the name was changed to FICO in 2009). Despite the fact that all three credit bureaus provide FICO scores, their methods of calculation differ.

The Experian/FICO v2 risk model is used by Experian. Equifax has its own credit scoring system (on a scale of 280 to 850), which is often referred to simply as the Equifax Credit Score. VantageScore, TransUnion’s default credit score, was created as an alternative to FICO; their predictive scoring system is known as TransRisk.

So what is the outcome? Your individual credit score, as well as your FICO score, may differ between bureaus. These differences arise from proprietary calculation methods, gaps in reporting and data collection, and the fact that credit bureaus may not have the same information about your debt history at the same time. Some companies may have completely different information about you in their files than others.

Keep Reading: How can I apply for a Capital One credit card?

How do credit scores differ?

Suppose you apply for a loan, line of credit, or credit card from a lender. At least one of the three major credit bureaus will almost certainly request a credit report on you from that lender. You do not have to use all three. Lenders may prefer one credit reporting or scoring system over the other two. All credit applications are recorded on your credit report, but only at the bureaus whose reports are pulled. Equifax and TransUnion are unaware of credit inquiries sent only to Experian, for example.

Furthermore, not all lenders report credit activity to all three credit bureaus. As a result, a credit report from one company may differ from another.

Those lenders who report to all three bureaus may see their data appear on credit reports at different times, since each bureau compiles its data at different times of the month. Generally, delinquencies do not affect your credit score until at least 45 days have passed.

Lenders typically evaluate an applicant’s creditworthiness based on one credit report from one of the credit bureaus. The exception occurs with mortgage loans, in which case the lender examines the reports of the three credit bureaus because they are large amounts of money. He usually bases his approval or rejection on the mean score.

The office scoring systems can be modified; each of the methodologies (including FICO) has changed over the years as part of efforts to improve accuracy. You may notice a change in your credit score over time from the same bureau.

Are you required to have all three scores?

Certainly. Credit information is not always expressed the same way across all three credit bureaus, so it’s important for consumers to review every report and every score.

All three credit reporting agencies offer free copies of credit reports once a year to consumers. The Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA) amends the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) in 2003.
Some creditors and collectors report to only one or two agencies, so some notes may appear on one report but not on another. Often, this variation results in a large disparity between credit scores between agencies. Credit scores are based on information in a particular report when one is requested.
While a consumer may have a strong credit score based on one report, they may have a weaker credit score based on another. When a consumer has two charges on report A and none on report B, the score calculated from report B will obviously be higher than the score calculated from report A.
Consumers who are denied credit due to a poor credit score from one bureau, but have a better credit score at another bureau, should ask the creditor to take their better score into account. They may be fortunate and their suggestion is accepted. It is especially important if you can explain why the first agency assigned you a bad credit score.
Keep Reading: What is Capital One?

Frequently asked questions- Credit bureaus

Keep Reading: How to improve your credit score and what is it?

Exactly how do credit scores work?

Exactly how do credit scores work

In the past, lenders approved loans based on imprecise information, such as the character and personality of applicants.
Eventually, lenders developed a scoring system. Still, this system was imperfect, since it was based on human factors and not free of prejudice.
FICO is the result of the efforts of engineer Bill Fair and mathematician Earl Isaac in the 1950s.

How do I communicate with the credit bureau?

How do I communicate with the credit bureau

Phone number: Experian’s official customer service number is: 1-888-EXPERIAN (1-888-397-3742). But you can call 1-714-830-7000 to speak with an assistant.

Which credit bureau operates in the United States?

Which credit bureau operates in the United States?

In the United States, there are three major credit bureaus:
Experian and

What is the best credit bureau score?

what is the best credit bureau score

There is a minimum of 456 points and a maximum of 760 points. Clients with lower BC Scores are more likely to default, whereas clients with higher BC Scores are less likely to default.

What would be a good Credit Score?

What would be a good Credit Score

From 750 to 850 = Excellent score
From 700 to 749 = Good score
With 650 Up to 699 = Acceptable
From 550 To 649 = Low Score
From 300 to 549 = Bad score

What is the minimum score for a credit?

What is the minimum score for a credit?

Scores on a scale ranging from 499 (low score) to 775 (excellent score) evaluate your credit situation. The minimum credit score for obtaining a credit card is 730 points.

What is the score for requesting a loan?

What is the score for requesting a loan

It is ideal to be “green” or have at least 730 points in your credit score to qualify for a credit card, though there are other options if you have a poor credit score, such as secured cards, which are plastic secured by money you deposit in the bank…

What is the list of people in the credit bureau?

What is the list of people in the credit bureau?

As a result, there is no list of people. For you or someone else (such as a lender) to check your credit score and history in the US, your social security number (SSN) is required.

Which companies report to the credit bureaus?

Which companies report to the credit bureaus?

Popular Financial Companies.
Savings Banks.
Multiple Purpose Financial Companies.
Telephony companies.
Cable companies.
Some department stores.

Who regulates credit bureaus?

Who regulates credit bureaus?

Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, Bank of Mexico, National Bank and Securities Commission, CONDUSEF and PROFECO regulate and review our compliance with the Law.

Where can I make a credit bureau clarification?

Where can I make a credit bureau clarification?

STEP1.Access the online system by logging in
STEP 2. Indicate how you would like to receive your response. Options include: email, fax, customer service.
STEP 3. Verify the data you are claiming.
STEP 4. Confirm that your procedure is free, or make your payment.
STEP 5. You will receive your claim folio.

How do I update my credit bureau data?

How do I update my credit bureau data?

There are four steps you must take to request data corrections in the Credit Bureau:
Submit your claim.
Receive a response from the Bureau.
Submit a declaration.
Resort to consumer aid.

What is the duration of leaving a credit bureau?

What is the duration of leaving a credit bureau?

Less than or equal to 25 UDIS, plus or minus 157 Mexican pesos, are eliminated after one year. Debts exceeding 25 UDIS and up to 500 UDIS, from 157 to 3,145 pesos, are eliminated after two years. Debts greater than 500 UDIS and up to 1,000 UDIS, or approximately 6,260 pesos, are eliminated after four years.

What does the U in the Credit Bureau stand for?

What does the U in the Credit Bureau stand for?

[U] No information (this means the granting institution did not report any behaviour, good or bad, for some reason).

What is cancellation credit associated with payroll?

What is cancellation credit associated with payroll?

Basically, it is an initiative of Banco de México whose purpose is to generate greater competitiveness in the loans that banks grant to clients who receive their salaries via payroll and whose payment must be made through direct debit; that is, the charge is made to the bank that handles your payroll account.

When my debt does not appear in the credit bureau, what happens?

When my debt does not appear in the credit bureau, what happens?

“Any delay or non-payment is recorded in the history, that period of non-compliance, which will affect the score”. Non-payment and non-compliance affects the user, because it suggests that it is risky to lend to them because they failed to comply with financing, she explained.

Can you leave the Credit Bureau without paying?

Can you leave the Credit Bureau without paying?

There are 5 steps you need to follow.
Accept the debt you owe…
Stay away from credit repair.
Get your Special Credit Report.
Liquidate and wait.
Consider leaving the credit bureau.

How to get my free credit report?

How to get my free credit report?

You can request and review your free report by following the below instructions:
For a free credit report online, visit
You can also call (877) 322-8228.
You can also request an annual credit report by mail.

Do you have any tips on improving your credit score?

Do you have any tips on improving your credit score?

How can you raise your score with the credit bureaus?
Establish a credit history.
Pay your bills on time.
Manage your credit cards.
Watch your debt level.
Maintain an active credit card.
Lower your credit score queries.

What is the minimum score each bank requires?

What is the minimum score each bank requires?

Most banks and financial institutions accept applications with a Score of 600 to 700.

How long does Coppel keep your credit bureau?

How long does Coppel keep your credit report?

The Coppel Credit Bureau works the same way as any other company that reports to it. 
Credit Bureaus report any payment behaviour to Coppel, and a red exclamation mark appears if the debt exceeds 3 months. 
You have been rated negatively for being more than 90 days late on a payment. 
The time that Coppel leaves you in the Credit Bureau is the same as the time you would have to wait with other financial institutions. 

Is applying for a loan going to affect my credit history?

Is applying for a loan going to affect my credit history?

When the lender does a “hard pull,” which is a negative mark on your report and can lower your score, as opposed to a “soft pull,” which does not generate this mark.


Your credit information can never be controlled by the agency that requests it. The higher your credit score, however, the better, despite the fact that the credit bureaus use different methods and calculations. In addition, even though comparing scores shows slightly different numbers, if you have a good score with one company, chances are you have a good credit score with all of them.

To conclude, we remind you that the approval of a credit that you request or a loan depends on your credit reports, your financial commitments and avoiding situations that could affect your credit score.

Read your annual report carefully, and if there are any errors, contact the corresponding bureau immediately to resolve the issue.

 We hope the information was helpful. See you next time !!!